Types of Masters in Education Degrees
Types of Masters in Education Degrees
The Master of Education degree (MEd) is variously termed the Master of Science in Education (MSEd) or the Master of Arts in Education (MAEd). The degree divides into two broad categories of specialization: those designed for qualification as a teacher and those for individuals studying for another profession in education. Some states require a master's degree for state licensure as a teacher. All states require licensure in a specific academic area such as mathematics or biology for licensure as a high school teacher. And in almost every state, teachers who hold a master's degree are paid more than teachers with a bachelor's degree.
Master of Education in Teaching Options: These are the most common specialization options for students seeking a teaching license. A few schools such as the Columbia University Teachers School offer a much wider range of options but our list represents the categories most frequently licensed for public schools and the jobs that are most often available.
- Elementary Teaching
- Middle School Teaching
- Mathematics Grades 6-8
- Mathematics Grades 9-12
- Science Grades 5-8
- Science Grades 9-12
- Social Studies
- Reading & Literacy
- Theater & Drama
- Arts Education
The other options for a MEd include an array of educational specialties for management and administrative roles. Several of them offer creative opportunities for adding to the classroom experience in roles that complement the work of classroom teachers. Some provide the leadership training for those seeking licensure as a school administrator.
- Master of Education in Instructional Design is a degree that in many programs provides training for the design and production of education materials for adult instruction. It is a degree completed by many people who have developed careers in corporate training, educational seminar work and professional leadership programs.
- Master of Education in Curriculum & Instruction is a standard graduate degree option for professionals who want to assume the role of curriculum oversight in a school or school district. The profession involves keeping up with state and federal mandates as well as research on instructional methods.
- Master of Education in Instructional Technology provides training in the use of digital technology in the classroom. Professionals working in this field select technology systems for classroom use, often work with software engineers to customize programs for schools or districts, and oversee maintenance of equipment.
- Masters in School Counseling is one of the degrees that qualifies a professional for state licensure in the field. Others may include degrees in psychology or the MSW. School counseling involves working with students who have behavioral or academic problems, and also includes working with parents or guardians where intervention is needed.
- Masters in Educational Administration is the degree designed to qualify professionals for state licensure as school principal or in some cases, school superintendent. Most states have specific educational requirements for people working in senior school administrative positions including principal and curriculum & instruction.
- Masters in Special Education degrees may have several areas of specialization. Two of the common options are special education for emotional & behavioral disorders, and special education for students with physical and learning disabilities. These categories are often broken up further into school level, and into specific types of disabilities such as hearing, learning, acute physical disability and reading.
- Masters in Early Childhood Education can be a teaching degree but also applies to the study of education for preschool children and classes K-3. Curriculum development and classroom activity design are two of the skills taught in this program.
- Masters in Teacher Leadership is an advancement degree designed for licensed teachers who hold a bachelor's degree. Teacher leadership often means working with administrative personnel on curriculum development and the intersection of teaching and technology in the classroom.
- Masters in Higher Education is for students seeking an administrative career working in a college or university. Specializations in this field include student enrollment, institution marketing, and student relations. Not all university administrators are academics today; there are many career opportunities on campus.
- Masters in Global & International Education can lead to a career in developing educational programs as part of an overseas aid program, working with cultural diversity in education, and researching educational trends as they arise in various parts of the world.